At first (in about 1560) the fine was 12 pence per time-he-did-not-attend. By 1581, the fine rose to 20 pounds per month. Much later, the fine was all his goods and two-thirds of his property (that's maybe why I'm not rich now; there was nothing to hand down). The Recusant Rolls, as a source, may help you discover a little more about your ancestors: what they owned, what they had to pay, and so on.
If you were an upper-class recusant, it seems as though the law looked the other way. If you were a really poor recusant, you couldn't really be prosecuted anyway, because you had nothing to surrender.
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